Birthed under volcanic conditions vesuvianite possesses a warm, green glow lit with an internal fire.
Vesuvianite is a gemstone of volcanic origin and derives its name from Mt. Vesuvius of Italy, where an early deposit of the gem was discovered. Most varieties of this stone appear as green, though brown-yellow specimens are known to exist. There are also two known sub-varieties of vesuvianite. They are cyprine, a blue variety, and californite, a green variety that bears a strong resemblance to jade.
Most varieties of vesuvianite are opaque in appearance and sometimes confused with jade. Transparent specimens suitable for faceting are exceedingly rare. The opaque types posses a resinous luster, while transparent examples display a vitreous luster.
• Cyprine is a blue variety of vesuvianite, owing its color to the presence of copper within the gem. It is primarily mined in Norway.
• M.A. Cappeler first identified this gem as "hyacinthus dictus octodecahedricus" in 1723. A.G. Werner later renamed it to vesuvianite in 1795.
• Crystal healers believe that vesuvianite is a stone capable of driving away fear and sadness.
Location: Mt. Vesuvius
This stone was originally found around Mt. Vesuvius, as its name suggests. Deposits of this gem have also been discovered in Canada, Russia, and Switzerland. The variety cyprine is primarily mined in Norway, and californite is produced in the state of California in the United States.
- Vesuvianite ranks at 6.5 on the Mohs scale of hardness, placing it just below quartz.
- Cyprine is a blue variety of Vesuvianite, owing its color to the presence of copper within the gem.
- Vesuvianite was first discovered around Mt. Vesuvius and forms under volcanic conditions.