Bahia Amethyst Stone
Precious amethyst is the purple member of the quartz family forming inside volcanic rock geodes. Bahia amethyst is well-known for its smoky reddish color.
Amethyst is a quartz crystal that appears in various tones from pale pink-lavender to intense royal purple. It is a gemstone displaying pleochroism meaning additional tones of red and blue can show depending on the direction light strikes the gem.
Bahia amethyst features a lighter violet tone most often reddish and smoky in appearance. Dealers prefer an intense reddish purple to purple color making this gem very desirable.
• In Greece archeological evidence of polished amethyst set in gold rings has been found dating back to the Minoan period (around 2500 BCE).
• In Greek and Roman mythology the god of wine and revelry Dionysus murdered a maiden named Amethyst while in a drunken rage with a pair of ferocious wild tigers. With her dying breath the girl prayed to Artemis the goddess of wild beasts who transformed her into a white quartz statue. When Dionysus realized what he had done he wept into his wine goblet and collapsed spilling the gobletâ€™s contents on the statue. Amethystâ€™s crystal figure became stained with tears and wine. From this mythological tale the gem amethyst has become a symbol of sobriety. Ancient wine chalices were sometimes carved from amethyst in an attempt to stop heavy drinking.
• Leonardo Da Vinci believed amethyst could dispel malice and hasten sound thinking. Also people thought it was beneficial against money and legal troubles and helped develop real business acumen.
• Amethyst is a protective stone helpful for travelers and military families.
• It has been used by crystal healers to help with addiction insomnia pain relief immune deficiencies circulatory issues reproductive health and general healing.
Location: Bahia, Brazil
Of all South American countries producing gem quality amethyst the material from Uruguay and Bahia Brazil is considered the best quality and most valuable. Bahia is ranked third within the country of Brazil for its gem and mineral production. Amethyst mined in Brazil is most often found in large deposits of geodes underneath the earth by workers who tunnel along veins of the rough gemstone to discover them. Once located these areas are then hollowed out - often by hand or by mechanical processes.
Due to exacting standards for quality only 5-15% of the mined Bahian rough is suitable for gem cutting. The undesirable portions of rough are removed through a process know as "cobbing". Small hammers are used to knock off the unwanted pieces attached to the rough gemstone. Cobbing is frequently performed onsite before the gem is sent for cutting.
• Amethyst ranks seven on the Mohs scale.
• Only 5-15% of mined Bahian rough is suitable for gem-quality use.
• Bahia is ranked third within Brazil for gem and mineral production.
• Amethyst is a member of the quartz family.
• Birthstone for February.
• Traditional gift for 6th and 33rd anniversaries.