Mozambique garnet is similar to the rose-red rhodolite garnet in that it also contains a mixture of the minerals almandine and pyrope. However, this variety usually contains higher concentrations of almandine, which lends the stone its deep wine-red brilliance.
Like its sister stone, rhodolite garnet, Mozambique garnet has a chemical composition with a mixture of pyrope and almandine. However, Mozambique garnet has a one-to-one ratio of pyrope and almandine while rhodolite has a two-to-one mixture of the minerals.
While this garnet variety was originally discovered in Mozambique, the name Mozambique garnet can be used to describe any garnet that displays this gemstone's warm, deep red, ruby-like hues. Deposits for Mozambique garnet can be found Thailand, Tanzania and of course, Mozambique.
The word garnet originates from the Latin word "garanatus," meaning "seed like," referring to the richly colored pomegranate fruit. While they share a common crystal make-up with diamond and spinel, and similar refractive qualities, garnets come from a separate group of minerals. Though several varieties of red garnet are present on every continent, other types (orange spessartite, hessonite, green demantoid and tsavorite) are sparse.
Besides its beauty and variety, the garnet has a strength that makes it a great working stone. A garnet necklace was unearthed in a grave dating back to 3000 BCE, emphasizing this gemstone's durability. Geologists use garnets to determine the genesis of some rocks via geothermobarometry, the science of determining at which temperatures and pressures igneous and metamorphic rocks took shape. Garnet sand is used for precision cutting of steel and in making glass lenses.
• The garnet family has a long history that dates back to ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. In the Bible, Noah used a lamp from garnet to guide his Ark through the darkness of night. The garnet was a symbol of one of the first 12 tribes of Israel.
• Ancient explorers and travelers wore garnets as an amulet to inspire success in commerce and ensure safe journeys.
• Tribes in Asia and the American Southwest used to make bullets from garnets, thinking that they caused greater wounds that took longer to heal and cut through the skin better. These bullets were used up until the 19th Century.
• In medieval times, people used garnets to ease depression, ward off bad dreams and alleviate ailments of the liver. Garnet was also believed to soothe arthritis.
• Garnet symbolizes purity, truth, love and compassion.
Location: Republic of Mozambique
Although Mozambique garnet can be found in other countries like Thailand and Tanzania, LC sources its collection of Mozambique garnet gemstone from the Republic of Mozambique, located in Southeast Africa.
- Ranks 7 on the Mohs hardness scale.
- While garnets form in many colors, the Mozambique garnet variety is a lush wine-red color.
- Garnets are their own gemstone family of closely related silicate gems sharing the same isometric structure.
- Birthstone for January and the Zodiac sign of Aquarius.
- Traditional gift for second anniversaries.
- Almandine garnets are the official state mineral for Connecticut and New York. Star garnet is the official gemstone for Idaho.
- 100 percent natural stone; no additional treatments.